Arashiro Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Address: 2035 NW 1st Place

Open: 8:00 AM - 9:00 PM

Jiu-Jitsu is not just about submissions; in competitions, understanding the point system is paramount. Scoring in Jiu-Jitsu matches can often be the difference between winning and losing, especially in closely contested bouts. This guide delves into the intricacies of the scoring system, allowing both practitioners and fans to have a clearer understanding of match dynamics.

1. Introduction to Scoring

In a Jiu-Jitsu competition, points are awarded based on a fighter’s ability to control their opponent and advance to dominant positions. While the ultimate goal remains submitting the opponent, points play a crucial role, especially when no submissions occur.

2. Breakdown of Points

Here’s a closer look at how points are awarded:

  • Passing the Guard (3 points): Achieved when a competitor successfully navigates past the opponent’s legs (guard) to establish control in a top position, usually side control.
  • Knee on Belly (2 points): Awarded when a competitor places one knee on the opponent’s torso while keeping the other leg extended, establishing a dominant position.
  • Mount or Reverse Mount (4 points): Points are given when a competitor sits atop the opponent’s torso, with knees on either side.
  • Taking the Back without Hooks (4 points): Awarded when a competitor gets to their opponent’s back but hasn’t secured it with both legs (hooks) in.
  • Taking the Back with Hooks or Body Triangle (4 points): Securing the back position with both legs or a body triangle locks in these points.
  • Sweeps (2 points): Achieved when a competitor reverses their position from the bottom (typically from guard) to the top.
  • Takedowns (2 or 4 points): A competitor earns points by taking the opponent from standing to the ground and establishing control. The points vary based on the technique and control.

3. Advantages

Advantages are tie-breakers. If competitors have equal points at the end of a match, advantages decide the winner. An advantage is awarded for near successful actions, like almost passing the guard or nearly achieving a submission. Think of them as “almost points.”

4. Penalties

Competitors can be penalized for various reasons:

  • Stalling: Not actively seeking to advance or engage.
  • Illegal Moves: Actions deemed unsafe or against competition rules.
  • Disobeying the Referee: Not adhering to the referee’s instructions.

Accumulating penalties can lead to points being awarded to the opponent or even disqualification.

5. Submission Over Points

While points and advantages can decide matches, a submission ends it immediately, rendering the point system moot. This emphasizes Jiu-Jitsu’s core principle: control and submit your opponent.


Understanding the point system in Jiu-Jitsu competitions provides clarity on the strategies athletes employ during matches. While submissions are the ultimate goal, achieving and denying points often becomes the game within the game. Whether you’re a practitioner, coach, or spectator, a solid grasp of this scoring system enriches the competition experience.

Gui Arashiro

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